• Ariane Todes

Primary benefits


A school in one of England’s most deprived boroughs offers proof that putting music at the heart of education offers positive outcomes for entire communities. I visited it for this article, first published in the ISM Journal May/June issue

I’m at a concert. At the back of the stage, groups of performers present show tunes, while at the front, ranks of players watch them in rapt concentration, completely still, but ready to spring into action when it’s their turn. The audience stands at the back of the hall and erupts into rowdy applause between each number, holding phones in the air to film the event for posterity. At the end of each group solo, with martial precision and discipline, each line proceeds forward, picks up the instruments and prepares to play. The nearly 90 performers are impeccably drilled and excited, but calm.

This is not a stadium gig or a military tattoo. It’s 10.30am and I’m watching Year 2 of Gallions Primary School making its collective debut in the school’s Sports Hall. These six and seven year olds started learning their stringed instruments in September, and now, in March, they’re performing for their parents and teachers. The atmosphere is electric.

This might not sound unusual for a private school, but Gallions is a state school in Newham, London, sitting in an estate that is in the 5 per cent most deprived areas in England. And this concert is not a one-off: Gallions students have performed at Royal Festival Hall, Birmingham Symphony Hall and Barbican Centre, among many other venues, and alongside world-famous musicians. Since it opened in 1999, music has been at the very heart of the school’s activities. From nursery and reception each child has a musicianship lesson every week and from Year 2 they are all taught a stringed instrument in small weekly classes. The result is engaged, attentive students.

‘They sit on the floor reading a tune in tas and tees and barely raise an eyebrow when the teacher introduces a harmonic minor scale for the first time, copying her perfectly. This is their normal’

Musicianship classes are based on the Kodály system, so from the beginning, the children sing in solfége, complete with hand movements. I sit in on a Year 6 class where the students sing three-part canons, their hands casually moving up and down in front of them as if it’s automatic. They sit on the floor reading a tune in tas and tees and barely raise an eyebrow when the teacher introduces a harmonic minor scale for the first time, copying her perfectly. This is their normal.

At one point, one boy won’t sit down properly, and there are little waves of fidgeting and chat, but generally the children are completely engaged and focused during the fast-paced 45-minute lesson. Instructions are sometimes sung and gestured (‘Please be qui-et’, ‘Please come and sit by the bo-ard’), and any telling off is gentle and reasonable (‘Remember not to talk while people are still singing’.) The children’s classroom teacher takes an active part in the class and keeps a watchful eye on behaviour.

At the end of Year 1 the children choose their instruments, be it violin, viola, cello or double bass (I’m impressed to see so many tiny bass players in the concert, plucking the bass line of the can-can). Building on their Kodály musicianship, they use Colourstrings, the system devised by Hungarian pedagogue Géza Szilvay. The child-centred method develops technique, hearing, understanding and reading all at the same time, with the help of colourful cartoon teddy bears and stories.

I visit a Year 3 violin class in which there are nine children, each with their own stand and a Colourstrings book, and two teachers guiding and prodding them. Faces are pursed in concentration as they read tunes together or take turns playing specific intervals. Some of them have perfect bow and instrument hold. Some don’t look so comfortable, and the teachers don’t always have the time to correct them individually, but you see the children watching each other, alert to all the information they can glean and trying to do well.

I am given a tour of the school by Ashley Roye, the school’s Music and Fundraising Manager, and down every corridor and round every corner is some sign of the school’s focus as a creative school, especially in the vibrant artwork made by the children with the school’s resident artist. They also have Philosophy classes and have a chess club.

Children who show particular talent and dedication are allowed to take instruments home to practise, and private lessons can be arranged at a cost to the parents, although most children who have lessons are given bursaries through the Gallions Music Trust, usually reducing the cost by half. Some students have won music scholarships to secondary school and places in National Children’s Orchestra, but the goal is not for them to become professional musicians, as Roye explains: ‘It would be great if they all came out as musicians, but that’s not the aim. The aim is make sure they all get this experience, take from it and move on.’

‘It is proof that for some of the children who have difficult upbringings, we are getting to them academically’

Rather, through music, each and every one of them is developing life skills and abilities that they take into their other classes and into their lives beyond music. On one level there are the well-documented neurological and social benefits of learning an instrument, as illustrated by the concentration and focus throughout their lessons. Roye cites some recent research within the school: ‘All the top academic performers attend orchestra and are the ones who are engaged musically. I don’t think the connection is quite as straightforward as that, but it is proof that for some of the children who have difficult upbringings, we are getting to them academically.’

Performing to their peers and teachers, and – importantly – to their proud parents, also acts as a massive boost. For the 58% for whom English is an additional language at home, music is a particular boon. Roye says, ‘We get kids coming into the school who can’t speak any English – Eastern European, Asian, African. Clapping a rhythm out in their string lessons is sometimes the most they’ve been able to understand in their whole week, because it’s an universal language and the way it’s taught is so easy.’

As to the future, there are hopes of creating a dedicated concert hall so that they don’t have to drag the lunch chairs to and from the Sports Hall every performance. They are also trying to improve the connection with the local secondary school, Kingswood, to avoid the natural fall-off when the children graduate. Inevitably, some of this is dependent on money: ‘Goal number one is that funding stays in place and that we get to keep this going. There’s no point focusing on that, though. The main thing is to make sure we have plans in place so we can continue without having to pass the cost on to the parents, because they wouldn’t be able to afford it.’

‘In a landscape of targets, exams and shoestrings, it has demonstrated the benefits of a progressive and creative approach to education, specifically centred on music’

Of course, that doesn’t bear thinking about. Gallions has shown the way. In a landscape of targets, exams and shoestrings, it has demonstrated the benefits of a progressive and creative approach to education, specifically centred on music. Roye is keen to share the learnings and extends an invitation: ‘Get in touch. You need to come and see it for yourself. Nothing beats actually walking around this place, seeing the lessons. The magic is in the classrooms, watching the kids’ engagement.’ Having visited the school myself, I can certainly vouch for that.

Testimonies

Laura van der Heijden, cellist, has performed and worked with the students at Gallions

‘I was delighted to see how enthusiastic and considerate the pupils were, and how colourful and positive the school environment was. Their approach, teaching subjects in alternative ways (creating huge posters to learn about anatomy, writing songs to remember times tables, planting vegetables in order to cook Tudor meals), results in better grades and happier children overall.

Music plays a vital role in the infrastructure of the school, and this focus even infiltrates the school’s disciplinary methods: in order to catch the attention of the class, instead of shouting, the teacher claps a rhythm which the class has to clap back. This simple yet incredibly effective method results in teachers who aren’t consistently hoarse and children who feel respected and alert.

The children’s involvement in music helps develop their self-confidence, as they learn to strive for long-term goals with small, daily steps in the right direction.

The community around the school has also been affected, as the parents are increasingly interested and involved in the musical activities going on in and around the school – they also organise school trips to concerts.

I can’t even begin to describe how wonderful a learning environment this school is, due to the understanding that the arts are an essential part of a healthy and happy life.’

Belinda McFarlane is a violinist in London Symphony Orchestra which has run capsule projects at Gallions as part of its On Track scheme

‘As the students at Gallions all learn instruments, they were all interested when I sat in class playing Bach, because they had a connection. They had great questions: they wanted to know about how I got to where I am. Quite a few had been to an LSO concert and were interested in what inspired me. Their teachers impress on them that it’s about doing something you love, being dedicated and following a dream, and like them to meet people who’ve done that. The children may not make it into a professional orchestra, but I’m sure they’ll remain music lovers. And all the other skills they get are so important – the confidence, the ability to perform and to cope with pressure (especially when things don’t go well), the preparation and application.

The big question is progression, because with so many students coming though there has to be a path for them. With the old way, young people had free music lessons at school and had that progression, which gave them opportunities to go into the profession that don’t exist any more. It’s extremely sad, but I’m heartened to see a school like Gallions, where they are working very hard to rectify that.’

Read the full issue of ISM Music Journal May/June or join here.

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